Self-employed physicians across all specialties earned an average of $53,000 more per year than employed physicians, according to Medscape's annual Compensation Report, while self-employed primary care physicians earn an average of $8,000 more than their employed peers.

Among all specialties, physicians in orthopedics, cardiology, urology, gastroenterology and radiology continue to be the top earners. And although physicians overall have been concerned about reform-related income declines, 19 of 25 specialties saw modest increases.

Medscape also reported that male physicians earned 30 percent more than female physicians in 2013, down from 40 percent in 2010. And half of all physicians and 48 percent of primary care physicians said they felt fairly compensated in 2013.

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