Nonprofit governance continues to embrace accountability measures and policies while also struggling with racial/ethnic and gender diversity, according to a recent survey from BoardSource. The survey was sent to CEOs of nonprofit organizations including, but not limited to, health care institutions.

The number of nonprofit boards that use accountability policies has grown slightly since 2010. Ninety-six percent have a conflict-of-interest policy, while 88 percent have whistleblower and document retention/destruction policies. More boards also are performing self-assessments: 55 percent report conducting a formal, written evaluation of its own performance in the past three years, compared with 50 percent in 2010. However, 29 percent of boards report never having conducted a self-assessment.

Racial/ethnic inequity persists in nonprofit boards, according to the survey. African-Americans make up 8 percent of boards, a 1 percent decline since 1994; Asian-Americans make up 2.6 percent of boards, a 1.6 percent increase since 1994; Hispanics/Latinos make up 3 percent, no change since 1994; and Caucasians make up 82 percent of boards, a 4 percent decline since 1994.

Gender distribution has remained relatively stable, with female representation hovering around 45 percent and male representation around 55 percent. Nonprofits with female CEOs average 50 percent female representation on boards, while those with male CEOs average 37 percent representation.

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