A 30 percent reduction in the effectiveness of antibiotics could increase infections and associated deaths for certain U.S. surgical and chemotherapy patients by 120,000 and 6,300 per year, respectively, finds a study in The Lancet Infectious Diseases. Antibiotic stewardship programs andf improved hospital infection control are critical, researchers say. The American Hospital Association’s Physician Leadership Forum last year released an antibiotic stewardship toolkit.